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Edited by Walter Eder and Johannes Renger; translated and edited by Wouter F. Shamanism: Archaic techniques of ecstasy. (W. The ancient worldwide anthropomorphic principle of sacrifice was the portrait of divinities that required to be fed by sacrifices of valuables in order to bestow on humans gifts such as children, food, or military victory. In each hand the deity could grasp a different implement and these represented various qualities of the deity or bodhisattva.

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The god image is a reflection of this psychic truth. We not only enact the archetypal patterns of the collective unconscious, we also use them – or, more accurately, use the capacity to recognize and to imagine such patterns – consciously or unconsciously to reflect upon our lives. In 1964, Laing and Aaron Esterson, another Glaswegian psychiatrist, published Sanity, Madness & The Family (Laing and Esterson, 1964).

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If one has not been able to make any progress in self-awareness and steps toward change in those ten days, then in a certain sense one’s fate is considered to be sealed, the idea being that we will continue to receive the karmic consequences of being the way that we are at the current moment, and to the extent that we want that to change, this ten day period becomes a spiritual retreat and intensive short-term ‘‘psychotherapy.’’ Yom Kippur is the most sacred day of the year in the Jewish calendar which is marked by fasting, abstaining from work, sex, washing, wearing of perfume and leather shoes (much like the Christian period of Lent).

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Jung agrees with Freud that in transference projections are often rooted in unreal infantile and erotic fantasies. If printing from the Internet, it is wise to set up the browser to print the URL and date of access for every page. Before the arrival of the Europeans in the late 1600s, Xhosa-speaking people occupied much of eastern South Africa. This landmark Encyclopedia brings together over 175 critical essays to redraw the boundaries of this rapidly evolving and dynamically complex area.

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The genesis of the daimon idea is decidedly difficult to pin down. While the ability to reality test is of course still a necessary consideration, automatic, rigid distinctions between fantasy and reality, illusion and ‘‘truth’’ and science versus religion are no longer tolerated. Presently, within contemporary cultures, treatment of physical and mental illness are predominately based on scientific knowledge or assumptions from previous scientific research.

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Without reference to intoxicants, there is clear evidence of human ability to enter into trance and perform oracular functions, so the specific details are less important. However, it is worth noting that despite its ubiquity in Western European culture it was far from well known in Eastern Orthodox nations and in many predominantly Catholic regions, such as Spain and Latin America until the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 2, 101–108.

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Enslavement can also be internal, intra-psychic and relational in nature. Whether the name of YHWH was known to the patriarchs is doubtful. The Nativity came to be understood as one instance of Theophany, a showing forth of God. Even though Freud interpreted ritual behavior as obsessional neurosis, thereby affiliating it with pathology, modern Analytic views suggest it may be an avenue to religious experience (Pruyser, 1968). Christianity and Analytic Psychology In the Christian tradition, the objective referent of this archetype is the imago, or image of God.

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Jung repeatedly argued that philosophical materialism and rationalism foreclosed the possibility of an indigenous psychology, one in which its assumptions and methods were self-contained as psychology. They arose in a family of movements that employed lengthy, repetitive, communal dance to effect the prophetic vision – which varied with different tribes’ adoption, but held close to the original script everywhere on the restoration of lands and game to the Indians and, most importantly, on the return to life of their dead.

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Waller’s fourth factor concerns the way in which potential victims are dehumanized, labeled as beyond the pale of human compassion and empathy. Perhaps most intriguing, from the perspective of religious studies, is his purported role as the founder of a nonHellenic renunciation cult called Orphism that condemned animal sacrifice and produced a large body of works describing a cosmogony and eschatology that stand in sharp contrast to those described in Homer and Hesiod.

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Now, Catholic religious life infinitely surpasses all other ascetic systems by the truth and beauty of the doctrine laid down in so many rules and treatises, and by the eminent sanctity of its followers such as Saints Anthony, Pachomius, Basil Augustine, Colombanus, Gregory, and others, and finally, especially in the West, by the marvellous fruitfulness of its work for the benefit of mankind. In this way he is presented as one who carries further and brings to fruition the apocalyptic expectations of past generations.

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